Pruning of trees is very important if we want to keep in shape, but the same can not be performed d any form or at any time.
Types of pruning trees
In general, when it comes to pruning of trees, we can refer to three types of pruning different, according to the objective we want to achieve:
- Maintenance pruning
- Exceptional pruning
This type of pruning is done early life of the tree, and its aims are twofold: to guide you to achieve a structure of strong and well distributed main branches, and place the glass at a certain height from the ground.
If pruning is not carried out in time and right moment, probably we would get a totally free tree, but of little ornamental and very wild or cluttered look.
After pruning and when our tree has grown and is well formed, with a glass at a certain height and strong main branches, lifetime have to perform maintenance pruning.
This pruning aims eventually to eliminate any element of the plant is harmful, like dry branches that disturb the passage of people or touch cables, remove the excess branches of the glass, etc.
In the maintenance pruning, pruning is included to which it called “topiary”, and that is to give the glasses geometric shapes. Known techniques pruning maintenance here .
This pruning is not usually welcomed by experts, but it is very common to see in the landscape of the city, both on the street and inside the homes. It is said that this type of pruning must be used only in extreme cases.
The exceptional pruning have the characteristic to dispel all the treetops with a chainsaw. Receives two names, depending on how high the cup is removed: raw or pollarded.
The exceptional pruning known as plywood is cut the branches leaving a third of its length, while the lopped trunk only is left, cut all branches.
When to prune a tree?
The ideal time to prune a tree is late winter (to avoid the days of intense cold).
If we in the spring or summer, also we remove many leaves and the tree will suffer more, plus we can cause the plant to weaken and stop growing. Another advantage is that during winter, not having many leaves, branches can better visualize and thus know exactly what should be cut.
Some species, such as maples, birches and walnuts, among others, they lose a lot of sap when cut in spring or summer. The winter pruning prevents almost total loss of sap and resin. The temperature of this time allows us to eliminate the possibility that certain fungi exploit the wounds of the tree to enter it, as the cold remains inactive.
This does not mean you should never prune trees in spring and summer. In this age they are accepted light pruning, while in winter should not prune those trees that bloom in early spring, but after fully finished flowering.